Identifiers are names for database objects such as databases, tables, views, columns, indexes, triggers, procedures, defaults, rules, and cursors.

The limit for the length of object names or identifiers is 255 bytes for regular identifiers, and 253 bytes for delimited identifiers. The limit applies to most user-defined identifiers including table name, column name, index name and so on. Due to the expanded limits, some system tables (catalogs) and built-in functions have been expanded.

For variables, “@” count as 1 byte, and the allowed name for it is 254 bytes long.

Listed below are the identifiers, system tables, and built-in functions that are affected these limits.

The maximum length for these identifiers is now 255 bytes.

Most user-defined SAP ASE identifiers can be a maximum of 255 bytes in length, whether single-byte or multibyte characters are used. Others can be a mximum of 30 bytes. Refer to the Transact-SQL User’s Guide for a list of both 255-byte and 30-byte identifiers.

The first character of an identifier must be either an alphabetic character, as defined in the current character set, or the underscore (_ ) character.

Note: Temporary table names, which begin with the pound sign (#), and variable names, which begin with the at sign (@), are exceptions to this rule.

Subsequent characters can include letters, numbers, the symbols #, @, _, and currency symbols such as $ (dollars), ¥ (yen), and £ (pound sterling). Identifiers cannot include special characters such as !, %, ^, &, *, and . or embedded spaces.

You cannot use a reserved word, such as a Transact-SQL command, as an identifier.

You cannot use the dash symbol ( – ) as an identifier.

Related concepts
Reserved Words