Table and Column Level Constraints

You can declare integrity constraints at the table or column level.

Although the difference is rarely noticed by users, column-level constraints are verified only if a value in the column is being modified, while the table-level constraints are verified whenever there is any modification to a row, regardless of whether or not it changes the column in question.

Place column-level constraints after the column name and datatype, but before the delimiting comma. Enter table-level constraints as separate comma-delimited clauses. SAP ASE treats table-level and column-level constraints the same way; both ways are equally efficient

However, you must declare constraints that operate on more than one column as table-level constraints. For example, the following create table statement has a check constraint that operates on two columns, pub_id and pub_name:

create table my_publishers
(pub_id      char(4),
pub_name     varchar(40),
constraint my_chk_constraint 
    check (pub_id in ("1389", "0736", "0877")
        or pub_name not like "Bad News Books"))

You can optionally declare constraints that operate on a single column as column-level constraints. For example, if the above check constraint uses only one column (pub_id), you can place the constraint on that column:

create table my_publishers
(pub_id     char(4) constraint my_chk_constraint 
        check (pub_id in ("1389", "0736", "0877")),
pub_name     varchar(40))

On either column-level or table-level constraints, the constraint keyword and accompanying constraint_name are optional.

Note: You cannot issue create table with a check constraint and then insert data into the table in the same batch or procedure. Either separate the create and insert statements into two different batches or procedures, or use execute to perform the actions separately.
Related concepts
Check Constraints